نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی جیرفت، جیرفت، ایران
2 مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی جیرفت، جیرفت، ایران
3 دپارتمان زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، کرمان، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The effects of sowing date and plant density on yield and yield components of mung bean cv were studied in a split-plot experiment, based on a randomized complete block design in three replications, which was performed at the research farm of Islamic Azad University of Jiroft in 2010-2011. The main-plots were devoted to sowing date at four levels (June 29, July 6, July 12 and July 20) and the sub-plots were devoted to density at three levels (10, 20 and 30 plants m-2). Analysis of variance revealed that sowing date significantly influenced plant height at the 1% level of probability and the number of pods per plant, the number of grains per pod, grain yield and biomass at the 5% level of probability. The effect of plant density was significant on the number of pods per plant and biomass at the 5 and 1% probability levels, respectively. The interaction of sowing date and plant density was significant only for plant height and biomass yield. The highest grain yield (1001 kg ha-1) was obtained from July 6 and the lowest one (714.3 kg ha-1) from July 20. Although the effect of plant density was not statistically significant on grain yield, the highest grain yield (907.98 kg ha-1) was related to the density of 30 plants m-2. Considering the one-year results, the best sowing date can be regarded as to be July 6 with the density of 10 plants m-2 under the regional conditions of Jiroft.