عنوان مقاله [English]
Application and nutrition of the maternal plant have a great role in germination and vigor of the produced seeds. In order to study the germination characteristics of barley native seeds obtained by application of different foliar application under saline irrigation (12 dS/m electrical conductivity), a factorial experiment with completely randomized design with three replications, was carried out at Isfahan Kaboutarabad Agricultural Research Station, in 2018-19. The first factor (foliar application) was in five levels: no foliar application, Zinc sulfate, Potassium sulfate, Salicylic acid and Superoxide dismutase at the beginning of tillering at 7 days interval and on three occasions. The second factor (barley cultivars) was Gohran, Mehr and Armaghan. Attributes such as germination percentage and rate, root length, shoot length, seedling vigor index, root dry weight, shoot dry weight, seedling vigor index, germination uniformity, and allometric coefficient was measured. Under saline water and different foliar application conditions, Mehr cultivar produced more radicle length, shoot length and seedling vigor index (except zinc sulfate). Seed longevity (root length, shoot length, seedling vigor index) appeared to be effective in selecting salinity tolerant cultivars. In foliar application of potassium sulfate, germination uniformity and germination rate of Mehr (salt tolerant) cultivar were higher than Armaghan (salt sensitive). The highest allometric coefficients of seed belonged to foliar application of potassium sulfate (0.85) and zinc sulfate (0.84) in Mehr (0.81) and Armaghane (0.83) cultivars.